Recent Questions


Islam started in the Arab Peninsula, thus the first Muslims were originally ethnically Arabs. The religion of the Arabs at the time of the revelation of Islam was that of paganism and not of Hinduism. The origin of Islam and the Muslims had nothing to do with Hinduism, either as a religion or ethnicity. 

The fact that Islam started between Arabs does not alter its universal message. The Quran stresses in a number of verses this global nature of the Islamic message. You may refer to the following verses in the Quran: "90:6" "1:25" "87:38" "28:34" . 

confusion about the relationship between Islam and Hinduism is that when the Indian Peninsula was opened to Islam in the tenth century at the hands of the great Muslim conquers Spaktakin and His son Mahmoud of Ghuznah, most people converted to it. It is because this part of the world is heavily populated, a majority of Muslims now belong to this part of the world, which is the Indian Peninsula. 

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Trade relations have existed between Arabia and the Indian subcontinent since ancient times. Even in the pre-Islamic era, Arab traders used to visit the Malabar region, which linked them with the ports of South East Asia. Newly Islamised Arabs were Islam's first contact with India. The historians Elliot and Dowson say in their book The History of India as told by its own Historians, the first ship bearing Muslim travellers was seen on the Indian coast as early as 630 AD. H.G. Rawlinson, in his book: Ancient and Medieval History of India claims the first Arab Muslims settled on the Indian coast in the last part of the 7th century AD. Shaykh Zainuddin Makhdum's "Tuhfat al-Mujahidin" is also a reliable work. This fact is corroborated, by J. Sturrock in his South Kanara and Madras Districts Manuals, and also by Haridas Bhattacharya in Cultural Heritage of India Vol. IV. It was with the advent of Islam that the Arabs became a prominent cultural force in the world. The Arab merchants and traders became the carriers of the new religion and they propagated it wherever they went.

The first Indian mosque, Cheraman Juma Masjid, is thought to have been built in 629 AD byMalik Bin Deenar.

In Malabar, the Mappilas may have been the first community to convert to Islam as they were more closely connected with the Arabs than others. Intensive missionary activities were carried out along the coast and many natives also embraced Islam. These new converts were now added to the Mappila community. Thus among the Mappilas, we find, both the descendants of the Arabs through local women and the converts from among the local people.


In the 8th century, the province of Sindh (in present-day Pakistan) was conquered by an Arab army led by Muhammad bin Qasim. Sindh became the easternmost province of the Umayyad Caliphate.

In the first half of the 10th century, Mahmud of Ghazni added the Punjab to the Ghaznavid Empire and conducted 17 raids on modern-day India. In the 11th century, Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud played a significant role in the conversion of locals (Hindus) to Islam. A more successful invasion came at the end of the 12th century by Muhammad of Ghor. This eventually led to the formation of the Delhi Sultanate.

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India is the largest democratic country in the world. Democracy is defined as a government of the people, by the people and for the people. It is considered the finest form of government in which every individual participates consciously and in which the people remain the sovereign power determining their destiny. So, in democracy the people are the ultimate source of power and its success and failure depend on their wisdom, consciousness and vigilance.

It is not possible for all the people in a big country like India to participate in the government. This is why they are required to exercise their franchise and elect their representatives at regular intervals. These representatives from the parliament legislate and form responsible government.

India became free only in 1947 after many years of colonial rule. In the following years India had her constitution that declared India as a democratic federal republic. The first democratic election on the basis of universal adult franchise was held in 1952. But during that election the people of India did not really have the necessary consciousness to understand democracy. They did not have the education to choose between good and evil. More than eighty percent of these people were victims of age-old poverty, ignorance and superstitions. Many of them did not even understand the difference between the British and the new rulers. So, election for these Indian people was not a democratic process, it was like festival. Even to-day, after so many years, the people in India are not very much different, for many of them are illiterates and poverty too is still there with all its sickening and demoralizing effects. This is why Indian democracy has failed so far to bring about the desired changes and to attain the goal of regeneration.

Around 1.2 billion people live in India, and everyone over the age of 18 has the right to vote. That makes it the world's biggest democracy. 

Teenager Tushar takes us on a tour around the city of Delhi. He shows us the upmarket area of town, and he explains how India's economy is booming, before travelling to the slums to see how the city’s poor live.

More than 450 million Indians live on less than £1 a day. But everyone, rich or poor, has the right to vote.

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